Demographic Profile of New Zealand
New Zealand is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia whose current population has been estimated at just over 4.8 million(as per 2020). The birth rate and death rate of New Zealand are estimated at 13.1 births per 1000 population and 7.6 deaths per 1000 population respectively. Moreover, 20% of the population is in the age group of 0 to 14, 13% of the population is in the age group of 15 to 24 and the majority of the population approx. 40% is in the age group of 25 to 54. In terms of GDP, the economy in New Zealand is the 53rd strongest in the world, much of which is dependent upon their foreign trade with countries like Australia, all of the European Union, the United States, China, South Korea, Canada, and Japan. Remaining 12 % population falls in the age group of 55 to 64 and 15% forms the elderly group aged 66 and above. Also, the average life expectancy calculated for New Zealand is 81 years of age. In terms of ethnicity, a significant number of New Zealand's population is of European descent (70 percent), with the indigenous Māori being the largest minority (16.5 percent), followed by Asians (15.3 percent), and non-Māori Pacific Islanders (9.0 percent). The religions among the residents of New Zealand come in at Christian 44.3% (including Catholic 11.6%, Anglican 10.8%, Presbyterian and Congregational 7.8%, Methodist, 2.4%, Pentecostal 1.8%, other 9.9%), Hindu 2.1%, Buddhist 1.4%, Maori Christian 1.3%, Islam 1.1%, other religion 1.4% (includes Judaism, Spiritualism, and New Age religions, Baha'i, Asian religions other than Buddhism), no religion 38.5%, not stated or unidentified 8.2%, and those objected answering came in at 4.1%.
Culture in New Zealand
The culture of New Zealand is essentially a Western culture influenced by the unique environment and geographic isolation of the islands, and the cultural input of the indigenous Māori people and the various waves of multi-ethnic migration which followed the British colonization of New Zealand. English is the predominant language spoken in New Zealand. Apart from English, Maori and New Zealand Sign Language also have official status.