Demographic Profile of Germany
Germany is known to be the most populous country in the European Union with an estimated 2020 population of 83.78 million and bordered by countries namely Poland, Denmark, the Czech Republic, Austria, France, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands. Furthermore, Germany is grouped into 16 states, referred to collectively as Länder, each state having its own constitution and remains fairly autonomous. Despite being one of the populous countries in the EU, Germany has relatively few large cities, and only four have a population of over 1 million: Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, and Cologne. German is the official language of the country. Apart from German, Danish, Frisian, Sorbian, and Romani are official minority languages; Low German, Danish, North Frisian, Sater Frisian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian, and Romani are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. There are about 50,000 Danes native to the northernmost region of Germany. The Sorbs( Slavic people) live in the Lusatia region. One can also find a large population of Frisians in Lower Saxony and the western coast of Schleswig-Holstein.
The majority of the Germans are Christian, either Roman Catholic (28.2%) or Protestant (26%), although 1.9% of the population are also Orthodox Christians. Islam is the second-largest religion in Germany, with an estimated 6.1% of the population according to a 2017 Pew Research Survey. It is also interesting to note that Germany has the highest percentage of immigrants in its population and thereby listed as one of the most popular destinations amongst immigrants along with the United States and Canada. Over 10 million people living in Germany today were born outside of Germany, which is about 12% of the German population.