Across countries, tackling skill mismatch and skill shortages is a major challenge for the labour market. In most countries, a significant share of employers complain that they cannot find workers with the skills that their businesses require. At the same time, many college graduates face difficulties in finding job opportunities matching their qualifications.
The demand for skills is changing constantly as a result of global trends such as technological progress, globalization and population ageing. Just like other high income countries, In France, the economy has changed considerably in recent decades and thus now requires a strong demand for high-level skills.
While France performs well in terms of innovation, a substantial gap remains compared with other European countries in terms of educational attainment and proficiency in literacy.
In addition to below-average skill development, France faces under-utilisation of available skills in the country. The high number of unemployed people are at a risk of skills depreciation, more due to limited access to the training options.
France faces skills shortages majorly in the areas like engineering (civil, chemical, software, automobile, electrical), information technology (software developers, cyber security, tech consultants, data security), health care (doctors, surgeons, nurses, childcare, vets) and teaching (school teachers, private teachers, professors ). In order to better match the demand and supply of skills, France has to invest in developing the right skills